Distribution of Chinese tea
1, located southwest of tea in Southwest China, including Yunnan and Guizhou, and Sichuan provinces as well as the southeastern part of Tibet is China's most important ancient tea, tea varieties is rich in resources, production of black tea green tea da tea, Pu'er tea, such as Compressed Tea and Chinese the development of large-leaved species, one of the main base of broken black tea. Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau center of origin for the tea. Complex terrain, some with high and low latitudes poor elevation, climate varies widely, most are tropical monsoon climate, not cold in winter and summer cropping is not inflammatory, tea soil: Sichuan, Guizhou and Tibet in the south-eastern yellow-based, there are a small amount of brown soil; Yunnan mainly red and the red mountain. Soil organic matter content in general than other rich tea.
2, South China is located in the southern part of China tea, including Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian, Taiwan, Hainan and other provinces (autonomous regions), the most appropriate for China's tea growing areas. Varieties rich in resources, there are trees, small trees, shrubs and other types of tea varieties, the production of black tea, oolong tea, scented tea, white tea and six fort tea, produced by large-leaved species of broken black tea, tea good concentration. In addition to the North of Fujian Province, the northern part of Guangdong and Guangxi and a small number of regions, the annual average temperature as high as 19 ~ 22 degrees Celsius, the lowest month (January) mean temperature of 7 to 14 degrees, tea growing in more than 10 months, annual precipitation is most areas of Chinese tea, is generally 1200 to 2000 mm, of which Taiwan Province of abundant rainfall in particular, was often more than 2000 millimeters of precipitation. Tea soil to latosol mainly in some areas also the distribution of red soil and yellow soil, deep soil, rich in organic matter content.
3, southern China's Yangtze River is located in the tea, the lower reaches of the south, including Zhejiang, Hunan, Jiangxi and southern Anhui Province, Jiangsu Province, and other places of south Hubei Province, the major tea producing areas in China, annual output of about two-thirds of total output . The production of tea are the main types of green tea, black tea, black tea, scented tea, as well as various special quality tea, such as West Lake Longjing tea, Huangshan Mao Feng, Dongting BI Luo, Junshan needles, such as Lushan cloud. Tea are mainly distributed in hilly areas, a small number of high influence in the sea mountain. Climate with four distinct seasons, the annual average temperature of 15 ~ 18 degrees, the absolute winter minimum temperature of -8 degrees in general. Annual precipitation 1400 ~ 1600 mm, a maximum in spring and summer rainfall, the annual precipitation of about 60 ~ 80%, autumn drought. Tea is mainly red soil, and some yellow for the yellow or brown, a few for the alluvial soil.
4, is located in Jiangbei district of tea in the Yangtze River, the lower reaches of the north, including Henan, Shaanxi, Gansu, Shandong and other provinces and in northern Anhui, northern Jiangsu, Hubei and other places for tea in northern China. Major producers of green tea. Tea Area 15, the annual average temperature of 16 degrees, the absolute minimum temperature in winter usually around -10 degrees. Less annual rainfall is about 700 ~ 1000 mm, distributed unevenly, often drought-hit tea. More tea soil or brown soil is yellow-brown soil, the soil of China's north-south transition type, but a few mountain areas, have a good climate of micro-domain, so product quality is also less than other tea, such as the Liuan, etc. Xinyangmaojian .