Grape Vitis grape fruit plants. For deciduous vine is one of the world, one of the oldest plants. Grape originating in Europe, West Asia and North Africa area. According to archaeological data, the first grapes of the region is cultivated in Asia Minor between the Caspian Sea and Black Sea region and the southern coast. About 7,000 years ago, the South Caucasus, Central Asia, Syria, Iraq and other regions have begun the cultivation of grapes. Most historians believe that Persia (present day Iran) was one of the first brewing of wine country. Europe started to grow the first grapes and wine of the country is Greece. In our country all over the north of the Yangtze River Basin production, mainly in Xinjiang, Gansu, Shanxi, Hebei, Shandong and other places. Stem up to 10 ~ 20 meters. Single leaf, alternate. Flowers small, yellow-green, composed of conical inflorescence. Round or oval berries, due to the different varieties, white, blue, red, brown, purple, black fruit, such as different colors. Fruit ripening period 8 to 10 months, grapes have been cultivated in China more than 2,000 years of history, legend for the introduction of Zhang Qian the Han people.
Many grape varieties, some more than 60 kinds of the world, of which about 25 kinds of China. European strains of the world's cultivated strains (European grape) and the Inter-American strain (Fox grape) systems, according to their different origin, into the Oriental species group and species group in Europe. China has a long history of cultivation, "longan", "Thompson Seedless", "milk", "Black Heart" group, all belonging to the Oriental species. "Shannon Rose", "Gary's mother" and other groups belonging to the European varieties. Stand-by fresh or dried.
In the fruit, the grape of the most senior, according to paleontologists research, in the Cenozoic stratigraphy on the third found a grape leaf and seed fossils that dated back more than 650 million years ago has been on the grapes. Some scholars believe that 23,000 years ago to 6,700 years ago have a similar plant grapes.