Basho Branch (Musaceae) is a banana (Musa) plants, but also its fruit, is one of important food crops, widely cultivated for human consumption in tropical areas.banana and full of nutrition, can be harvested throughout the year, in temperate regions are also very popular with great importance. Herbal plants for large-scale, issued from the rhizome, lower part of the formation of the sheath 3 to 6 meters high (10 ~ 20 feet) under the false; leaves long circular to elliptical in shape, some for up to 3 ~ 3.5 meters (10 ~ 11.5 ft) wide, 65 centimeters (26 inches), 10 ~ 20 clustered stem top. Spike, and by taking leave under the top and spent the majority of yellow; fruit bends down sequence, resulting in 10 to 20 series, about 50 ~ 150. The results of dead plants, grown from rhizome root to regenerate the absorption, each strain can live for many years.
Staged out of the weak root pruning article was removed, leaving the more strong as can be the result of the growth of the plant. Hundreds of cultivars, varieties of the world due to differences with the name of some confusion. For human consumption have long records of bananas in Greek, Latin and Arabic writings. Perhaps most important is the general type of banana (M. sapientum, the banana saints), which there are a number of varieties, the most common species is the "Great Michael" (Gros Michel). For human consumption have long records of bananas in Greek, Latin and Arabic writings. India expedition of Alexander the Great met banana. After the discovery of America, bananas from the Canary Islands, the introduction of the New World, first in Hispaniola (Hispaniola) island culture, and soon extended to other islands and the mainland. Expanding cultivated area, as a staple food in many areas. The 19th century in the U.S. banana market.
Banana hi humid climate, deep in the soil, loose soil, good drainage to grow strong. Similar to Jamaica in the semi-arid areas of southern irrigation has been successfully cultivated. Available for root absorption and cultivation pseudobulb ramets; first harvest will take 10 ~ 15 months, almost straight after the harvest.
--- Layers of banana flowers, layers of results. Need frequent pruning to remove excessive growth of new strains of plants to prevent overcrowding. Banana commercial desirable string of at least 9 per bundle, re-22 ~ 65 kg (49 ~ 143 lbs). Annual production capacity of 1 ha of land more than 300 bundles, mature fruit as much as 22% carbohydrates, mainly sugar; rich in potassium and vitamins A, C, protein and low fat content. Containing 75% water. Fresh bananas can also do deep-fried food or mashed pie or pudding. Can also be used for muffins, cakes, bread sauce.
Plantains are cooking food species, the difference between bananas and other ripe fruit is starchy rather than sweet major, widely cultivated in tropical and export food to the cities. U.S. imports of bananas, followed by the United Kingdom and Western European countries. Generally not mature on the banana harvest, even if the same is true of sales in origin. Bananas for export, harvested before maturity, depending on the distance and the market mode of transport. Arrived after ripening with ethylene. Exporting countries in North America and Europe and between the consumption of frozen dedicated transport ship.
There are the world's major production base in Central America and the West Indies Costa Rica, Honduras, Guatemala, Mexico, Panama, Dominican Republic, Guadeloupe (Guadeloupe), Jamaica and Martinique (Martinique), South America Brazil, Colombia and Ecuador, Africa, the Canary Islands, Ethiopia, Cameroon, Guinea and Nigeria, Taiwan, Asia.